The Theory Of Multiple Intelligences
If you have heard the phrase “intelligence” you have probably thought about IQ testing. We often define intelligence as our intellectual potential, that which we had at birth, which could be measured and which cannot really be changed. But recent years have presented other views to intelligence and specifically that of the Harvard psychologist named Howard Gardner. He produced the theory of multiple intelligences which suggests that our traditional view of intelligence is far too limited.
His book on multiple intelligences was produced in 1983 and it suggested that there are eight different intelligences and that people can have one of these eight, and are not confined to having just one type of intelligence. In order to appreciate the full range of intelligences that people have, not just their intellectual capacity, he notes the eight theories of intelligence which include musical intelligence, interpersonal intelligence, linguistic intelligence, and spatial-visual intelligence. Someone might be strong in intelligence such as musical intelligence, but also be strong in naturalistic intelligence too.
Musical intelligence has to do with a high sensitivity to music. People with this intelligence often have perfect pitch. Visual spatial is another intelligence that deals specifically with the ability to spatially judge things and visualize things in the eye. Verbal linguistic is another intelligence which deals with words and languages. People with this ability can tell stories and memorize dates and are good at reading and writing. Logical mathematical intelligence has to do with understanding logic and the underlying principles therein. Bodily kinaesthetic intelligence has to do with the kinaesthetic control of your motions. Interpersonal intelligence has to do with the ability to interact with others. This person would be sensitive to the feelings and motivation s of others.
Intrapersonal intelligence has to do with self-reflective capacities and having a deep understanding of personal strengths and weaknesses to the point of being able to predict one’s reactions or emotions. Naturalistic intelligence concerns itself with nurturing and the ability to relate information from the surroundings. It is an ecological receptiveness as well that is rooted in a holistic understanding of the world.
This theory of multiple intelligences has come under criticism from educators and psychologists who claim that it is too broad and that it merely represents abilities, talents, and personal traits. In spite of this criticism, this theory has become widely popular among other educators who view in their classroom a range of intelligences that are not IQ based. They have begun to integrate this theory into the classroom and used it to cultivate their teaching.
Multiple Intelligences Essays
1063 Words5 Pages
Thought out our lives, we are faced with many different learning experiences. Some of these experiences have made a better impact than others. This can be attributed to everyone’s different multiple intelligences or learning styles. A persons learning style is the method though which they gain information about their environment. As a teacher, it is our responsibility to know these styles, so we can reach each of our students and use all of the necessary methods. Howard Gardner, a professor at Harvard, introduced his theory of multiple intelligences in 1983. Multiple intelligence’s is a theory about the brain that says human beings are born with single intelligence that cannot be changed, and is measurable by a…show more content…
The bodily kinesthetic learner can often be a problem causer in the classroom. This person has problems sitting still and even does their best work will up and moving around. Activities that involve movement are the best way for these learners to absorb information. They often excel in physical education and enjoy becoming involved in sporting activities. The second most common intelligence is logical mathematical. It involves the ability to use numbers, logic, and reason. These learners learn conceptually, in logic and number patterns. Includes inductive and deductive reasoning skills, as well as critical and creative problem solving. Students who learn logically often ask lots of questions and enjoy doing experiments. Excel especially in mathematics and science. You must help these students in other classes by using groupings and similar characteristics to learn the information. Musical learners obviously have the ability to produce and appreciate music, they think in rhythms, sounds, and patterns. Learners of this nature often critique what they hear. They are sensitive to all sounds they hear, especially what they hear in the environment. Using instruments or their voice, musical learners are capable of reproducing a sound. Musical learners often have difficulty in a regular classroom, so you often find these students using music to