This sheet is designed for grading research papers. Scores range from 1 (low) to 5 (high).
Higher Order Concerns
What’s working: tell the writer the best features of his or her text here
Focus 1 2 3 4 5
A focus is the thesis or main point of your writing. Is it clear? Is the whole paper on the focus? Write out the focus right here.
Development refers to the support you give your focus.
Comprehensiveness 1 2 3 4 5
Are there enough quotes, paraphrases, examples, inferences, reasoning, opinions, forecasts? Has the writer given a reasonable number of
sources to be comprehensive on this subject for this assignment?
Background Information 1 2 3 4 5
Has the writer from the beginning of the paper introduced the research
cited appropriately (i.e. full name, year of book/article, general goals
of research, context for research)? Do any definitions or histories
need to be given before the body of the paper begins?
Integration of Sources 1 2 3 4 5
How well has the writer paraphrased and quoted so that the voice of the
writer, not the sources, guides the text? Is the in-text citation done well?
Audience Adaptation 1 2 3 4 5
Is the text written for a college-level audience with appropriate vocabulary
and length of explanations? Are appropriate materials explained well?
Some potential problems occur when writers write seemingly for
themselves without addressing an audience (and the text can be too
personal or informal), or sometimes writers address only experts, making the text too dense and short.
Argument 1 2 3 4 5
If the writer presents an argument, is it a full one? Does it lack any
information? Does the argument follow through to a conclusion? Does it
include a rebuttal? Is the rebuttal a fair one? Has the writer
respectfully treated the views of all sides?
Organization 1 2 3 4 5
Has the writer organized or structured the paper in the way that the discipline suggests? That is, if it is a lab report, does it adhere to the proper structure? If an argumentative essay, is it organized to present an argument? Can the reader follow individual paragraphs—are they well organized?
Does the writer use meta-discourse (language about language) to direct the reader through the text?
Lower Order Concerns
Style 1 2 3 4 5
Style can be considered in terms of sentence patterns and diction. Are the sentence patterns varied or all the same? Variety produces more interesting reading. Is the diction appropriate for a college-level assignment? Is the diction appropriate for the discipline? Has the writer included too many informal elements (e.g. cliché, contractions, the use of you or I, informal diction)?
Mechanics 1 2 3 4 5
Mechanics refer to punctuation, spelling and grammar. Could the writer benefit from a brush up on some grammatical points? Could the writer learn new punctuation strategies?
Return to WAC index
Introducing Smartphone Applications to Education: Analysis of Pros and Cons
Technology has evolved greatly in last few decades and has become an important part of our lives. In fact, the primary goal of revolution in technology is to help improve our quality of life at work, home, and anywhere else. Education is not an exception from this rule. In fact, technology has been integrated into the education processes throughout the years due to the fact it provides amazing tools that facilitate learning. Thanks to the internet, teachers, and professors have more resources to help children and students learn the lectures. On the other hand, students find it easier to keep up with school with many tools they can use to research, learn, and organize. With the rise of smartphones, we have the option to use applications (apps) for every aspect of our lives. Apps go beyond social media, it is possible to download a suitable application for everything. What about education? Would the introduction of apps into education have a positive or negative impact? Despite the fact all of us believe the impact would be positive or negative, the question is not easy to answer.
We use our phones for everything today; to check emails, shop, book flights and hotels, pay bills, get food, and so much more. It is simple, anything one can do on the computer, he or she can also do on their smartphone. In this day and age, it is difficult to succeed at work and school without a smartphone primarily due to their convenience. Carrying laptops around can be a nuisance for people who are on the go, but smartphones fit perfectly into the pocket and offer same possibilities. Professors and teachers can benefit greatly from the introduction of mobile apps into education. For example, a number of scientists and experts in education explain that mobile technologies can create new opportunities for independent investigations, practical fieldwork, professional updating, and on the spot access to knowledge. At the same time, they provide the mechanism for enhanced individual guidance and learner support and more efficient course administration and management.
Furthermore, benefits of apps in education also extend to helping students navigate across campuses and access event schedules, school directories, or to find their way around a university or college they attend. Smartphone apps make it easier for students to research the school’s library or to find useful study material in other facilities. When working on their assignments or essays, students are easily able to find sample research paper, reference information etc. thanks to apps. In addition, they can practice and develop their skills, access grades, and submit assignments with a simple tap on the screen. Apps can also serve as a platform that campus groups use to send mass messages to students in order to carry out polls and surveys. Getting anonymous and fast answers would help these groups improve the on-campus life.
Indeed, smartphone apps can have numerous purposes including the opportunity for professors to send automatic emails to absent students, attendance reports, create group or class forums for better communication with their students. Instead of contacting students one by one for important notices or hanging them somewhere in the hall, professors could use an app and, thus, reach all students at once, without wasting their time. They can also help their students get better grades by including college research paper example onto the apps. Professor-student communication is largely overlooked, sometimes even ignored, today. Educators have the best impact on their students when they relate to them, make an effort to connect with them and form a strong relationship. Apps allow this interaction, which is yet another advantage of these platforms.
Technology evolves constantly and it is important for the education system to adopt it in order to keep up with these changes. As a result, students can maximize their effort, use plenty of resources, improve writing skills with research paper template, develop their problem-solving skills, all of which prepares them for life after they graduate as well.
Despite many benefits and pros of the introduction of smartphone apps to education, there are some cons or important obstacles we have to conquer. The biggest problem is in the way educators use apps. They try to fit these applications into centuries’ old, traditional versions of teaching. The clash of the modern tool with traditional method does not give positive results. In addition, it shows most of them are not fully open to the idea of introducing apps (or other internet-based tools) in education, which takes both them and students one step backward. The point of these tools is to be practical and convenient, but fitting them into traditional versions of teaching makes these apps utterly unusable. One thing that is worse than having no app is making it useless. Furthermore, longer writing assignments like argumentative essays are not that easily completed through an application on tablet or smartphone and submission would require transferring the document from one device (laptop or desktop) onto tablet or smartphone in order to upload it. At this point, it is difficult for professors to use hand-held devices to monitor and save data regarding students’ progress.
Although we can name a multitude of pros and cons regarding the use of smartphone apps in education, one thing is certain – every educational institution and faculty staff should strive to use anything that can benefit the students. In order to help students nurture their intellect and evolve into well-educated adults capable of handling every obstacle that comes after the school, educators have to try different options to make it happen. It is well-known that students oftentimes lack motivation and feel overwhelmed when trying to keep up with their numerous obligations associated with college life. A great way to boost their motivation and inspire them is to implement their interests into education. Want them to do better and write more? Provide example of a research paper and bring this assignment closer to them. At this point, smartphones are an important part of their lives, they use all sorts of apps, and having these platforms in education would make a positive impact. Every educator wants students to do well and pass the exams with the best results and well-crafted apps would help them in test preparation. Some apps come with tests that students can use to test their knowledge, check results, and identify strengths and weaknesses. Of course, accomplishing these things would imply making apps more in tune with modern-day world and technology, rather than trying to fit them into traditional approaches.
Education is not about teaching and learning, it is about training young minds to develop their skills, find their place in the world, improve the way they think, and help them realize they can achieve their goals and dreams with hard work, effort, and knowledge. That is why it is highly important to take education to where the students are, and right now, they are on their smartphones checking notifications, connecting with others, reading on their tablets. Giving them access to the lectures and classes via smartphone apps makes perfect sense. This is the modern age and apps are the new frontier. Apps can revolutionize the way students learn. It is up to educational institutions to embrace and welcome new, mobile technology and the era of smartphone-based learning. The world of mobile apps is where the students live in and it is logical to introduce them into classrooms across the country, or perhaps the entire world. In addition, these apps could help students save money on materials and tools that do not come cheap, but they are important for the subject. Students’ debts keep increasing and it is not helpful to constantly require them to purchase something in order to prepare for their exams. With apps, they could get access to expensive scientific calculators or books without spending an outrageous amount of money, thus taking the pressure off of their money troubles to some extent.
Finally, introducing apps into education has both positive and negative sides. These platforms could support professor-student communication, enable professors to research and improve their lectures, update student data, send important messages. At the same time, students would gain more resources. Of course, some problems do exist including the efforts to fit modern-day tools such as apps into traditional approaches. Obviously, there are still numerous improvements that have to be made, but pros outweigh the cons. The evolution of technology shows no signs of slowing down and it has become an important part of our lives, especially to young individuals. Students spend most of their time on their tablets and smartphones and making lectures and classes available on these devices could facilitate learning and boost their motivation. Financial aspect should not be ignored as well. The smartphone applications could help students get access to tools, books, and other resources that are quite expensive in “real world”.
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