...Music as a Medicine for Brain HCM 930 – 2 Mental Health and Wellbeing Instructor: Barbara Arnoldussen FALL 2010 PRIYADARSHINI SHANKARANARAYANAN INTERNATIONAL TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY FALL 2010 INTRODUCTION Music is a universal phenomenon spanning all cultures, and is the most social of the arts. There is no one definition to describe this term. Its term changes with each individual’s perspective. Some find it as the rhythmic vibrations of sound, some describe it purely as an art form, some feel it creates emotions and interacts with the emotions we already feel, or, some associate it with the process of healing. Music therapy, a biofeedback or a coping technique instituted in the allied health profession, uses music to promote healing and enhance the quality of life in patients. It has been used for decades as a way to treat neurological conditions such as Parkinson’s, Alzheimer’s, Anxiety and even Depression . There have also been attempts to translate EEG data into music . Also, studies show that rhythm of music tends stimulates brain waves based on the tempo, with a slow tempo promoting a calm and meditative state. HISTORY OF MUSIC IN HEALTHCARE The therapeutic value of music has been recognized since ancient times. Archaeological evidence showing flutes carved from bones, suggests music preceded language as a...
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One of the most moving videos I've seen illustrating the power of music is the one above, posted on YouTube by the Music and Memory project, in which Henry, an elderly man living in a US nursing home and largely unresponsive to the outside world, is given a pair of headphones to listen to his favourite artist, Cab Calloway .
The neurologist Dr Oliver Sacks, who's involved with the project, describes Henry as "almost unalive", but as soon as the music starts there's a complete transformation. He starts moving and singing along, becoming animated. "The philosopher Kant once called music the 'quickening art' and Henry has been 'quickened' – he's been brought to life," Sacks says in the video.
But the effect doesn't stop once the music is turned off. Though he's normally unable to answer the simplest questions, Henry now starts speaking about his love for music, how it makes him feel, and singing I'll Be Home for Christmas, remembering every single word of the lyrics. It's almost magical.
There's a charity here in the UK that knows all about how music can transform the lives of those who suffer from autism, dementia, and a whole range of mental health problems. The work of the founders of Nordoff Robbins – Paul Nordoff, an American composer and pianist, and Clive Robbins, a special education teacher – began more than half a century ago, as they used music therapy to help isolated and disabled children. In 1980 the charity bearing their names was established in the UK.
Nordoff and Robbins discovered music's power to open up the senses and "reawaken" people with dementia doesn't only come from the familiarity of favourite songs. In a mesmerising video, one of the charity's music therapists starts communicating with a woman whose dementia has lead to the loss of speech, by doing a sort of singing and guitar-playing call-and-response. In another one, Jack, an autistic boy with severe learning difficulties, lights up and starts to communicate not only by singing, but with his whole body.
But music can also have a calming and healing effect on those with mental illnesses. Nordoff Robbins works with Lance, who lives with schizophrenia and says music therapy makes him "feel more human again" and is "a haven from intrusive bad thoughts and depression".
The charity provides music therapy at his local centre for people with mental health problems, where he plays guitar, often supporting other people's songs. "I feel that music is holding my hand through all this," he explains.
As Nordoff Robbins is not government funded it's completely reliant on private donations. It gets support from the music industry, with many of its events donating proceeds to the charity – the main one, the O2 Silver Clef awards, takes place this Friday.
As usual there will be a host of stars attending – Kylie Minogue, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Jessie J, Michael Bublé, Eméli Sande, Conor Maynard, Fatboy Slim, Manic Street Preachers and Laura Wright will all be recognised for their achievements, with Alfie Boe, Tom Jones, Peter Kay and Tinie Tempah presenting – but the real tribute should go to the therapists who go into schools, hospitals, care homes and prisons, helping people communicate where words have failed, raising their confidence, self-esteem and sense of joy through music, one of the most powerful remedies that can't be bought from pharmaceutical companies. Like I always say: music is medicine for the soul.